I am writing to request release of public records, writings, and documents pursuant to the Public Records Act, Cal. Gov. Code Sections 6250, et seq.
Judicial opinions authored by the Supreme Court, circuit courts, and district courts set out whether force was unconstitutional in a variety of settings. I am researching the role that these judicial opinions play in law enforcement agency policies and trainings.
I therefore ask that you provide the following:
All training bulletins, manuals, policies, seminar materials, case summaries, electronic materials, and other documents produced by the L.A. City Attorney's office relating to use of force that were distributed to officials at the Los Angeles Police Department and/or any other law enforcement agency on or after January 1, 2017, and reference court opinions by name and/or describe the facts and legal conclusions of court opinions.
If you are unable to identify which materials are responsive to this request, I request all materials related to use of force policy, training, and practices that were distributed on or after January 1, 2017.
Please note that I am not seeking copies of any police reports or motions or briefs regarding allegations of use of force against individual officers in your agency. Rather, I am seeking to determine, broadly, how sworn personnel are trained regarding the substance and holdings of court opinions.
I request that you determine whether you will comply with this request within ten days, as required by Cal. Gov. Code Section 6253. Please tell me whether there is any copying fee for these materials, and I will promptly provide payment. Finally, should you determine not to make all of the requested documents available, I request that you indicate which items you will not turn over for inspection and specify the reasons for refusal to comply with this request, pursuant to Cal. Gov. Code Section 6255.
Thank you very much for your assistance. If a phone conversation would help to clarify my request or make the process of responding to it more efficient, please do not hesitate to call me at 310-206-4032.
 For example, over the past three years, the Ninth Circuit has held that a reasonable jury could find that law enforcement officers used excessive force in multiple published opinions, including but not limited to: Orn v. City of Tacoma, 2020 WL 524787 (9th Cir. Feb. 3, 2020); Vos v. City of Newport Beach, 892 F.3d 1024 (9th Cir. 2018); Rodriguez v. County of Los Angeles, 891 F.3d 776 (9th Cir. 2018); Thompson v. Rahr, 885 F.3d 582 (9th Cir. 2018); Bonivert v. City of Clarkston, 883 F.3d 865 (9th Cir. 2018); Zion v. County of Orange, 874 F.3d 1072 (9th Cir. 2017); Morales v. Fry, 873 F.3d 817 (9th Cir. 2017); Jones v. Las Vegas Metro. Police Department, 873 F.3d 1123 (9th Cir. 2017); Longoria v. Pinal County, 873 F.3d. 699 (9th Cir. 2017); Estate of Lopz v. Gelhaus, 871 F.3d 998 (9th Cir. 2017); Hung Lam v. City of San Jose, 869 F.3d 1077 (9th Cir. 2017); Shafer v. County of Santa Barbara, 868 F.3d 1110 (9th Cir. 2017); S.B. v. County of San Diego, 864 F.3d 1010 (9th Cir. 2017). District courts in your jurisdiction—and districts and circuits outside your jurisdiction—have also issued multiple similar rulings during this time period.