Request #19-6432
  Closed

To Whom It May Concern:

Pursuant to the California Public Records Act, I hereby request the following records:

Public reports have stated that the Los Angeles Police Department has made use of services from Justice and Security
Strategies, Inc. (JSS). (http://newweb.jssinc.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Spotlight-on-Operation-LASER.pdf)

Therefore, I am requesting documents related to the implementation of JSS:

* Any software and algorithms developed for the implementation of JSS. I'm particularly interested in any algorithms that have a public policy outcome, such as providing guidance on a policy or an assessment of an individual. More generally, I would like any software that was developed by or with, given to, used by, purchased or licensed to this agency for implementation of the above referenced program. This would include original source code, any compiled binaries (also known as executables), spreadsheets, program scripts, and other digital materials used to calculate any data in the above program. It would also include the input training data for machine learning algorithms. Collectively, these responsive materials will be referred to as "the software" in the following paragraphs.

* All instructional materials, presentations and presentation materials (including recorded video and audio, PowerPoint files, prepared remarks, and slides formats), and other guidance on the use of "the software." This includes any notes taking during meetings that discussed the use of the software, any explanations (whether internally or externally generated) of how the software works, and any other document that has been used to help explain the use of "the software" to any party, including internal documentation, public relations materials, and executive summaries. This also includes any description of input and output data fields that will aid in understanding the type of information that is submitted to the software, and that is produced by the software.

* A copy of any privacy impact assessments, use policies, standard operating procedures, data retention policies, legal opinions, warranties, non-disclosure agreements, contracts, liability waivers, insurance agreements, Requests for Proposals, Responses to Requests for Proposal, Memorandums of Understanding, Letters of Interest, usage policies, or informal agreements that reference "the software" or otherwise guide it use or the relationship between this agency and the provider or developer of the software.

* A copy of any funding opportunity announcements, grant applications and grantor status/progress reports, reports to legislative bodies, annual reports that mention the use of the software, as well as audit records, including but not limited to security audits of the software, misuse reports, and reports to oversight bodies.

* A copy of any validation studies conducted with respect to JSS or with respect to any software or algorithms used in connection with JSS, and a copy of any records pertaining to inquiries for the need of validation studies, or discussion of potential or actual validation studies. By “validation study,” I mean any study designed to assess how accurate JSS is in predicting what it is supposed to predict, or to assess whether JSS may err in the direction of either under- or overestimating likelihoods or predicted outcomes, or may produce any results that are biased or unexpected in any way.

* For the aspects of the software that require an input, for example, to compute a value, we request a copy of the five most recent sets of data that were used for input, as well as the five most recent outputs of the software, in whatever their native format is. If these inputs or outputs include exempt information, we ask that you exempt only that information which is specifically exempted from law, and provide the other material.

* Any and all electronic communications that mention JSS, and any attachments in said electronic communications, from members of the LAPD . Additionally, any and all electronic communications between members of the LAPD and JSS representatives.

The requested documents will be made available to the general public, and this request is not being made for commercial purposes. It will be used in the course of reporting for Motherboard, VICE’s science and technology website (www.motherboard.vice.com).

The requested documents will be made available to the general public, and this request is not being made for commercial purposes.

In the event that there are fees, I would be grateful if you would inform me of the total charges in advance of fulfilling my request. I would prefer the request filled electronically, by e-mail attachment if available or CD-ROM if not.

Thank you in advance for your anticipated cooperation in this matter. I look forward to receiving your response to this request within 10 calendar days, as the statute requires.

Sincerely,

Caroline Haskins

Upload documents directly: https://https://www.muckrock.comhttps://accounts.muckrock.com/accounts/login/?next=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.muckrock.com%2Faccounts%2Flogin%2F%3Fnext%3D%252Faccounts%252Fagency_login%252Flos-angeles-police-department-265%252Fjss-lapd-72239%252F%253Femail%253DCityClerk%252540lacity.org&url_auth_token=AAAEtrpbRQ7ld4F52_b7980pLP4%3A1iRyVf%3AlBiYftrhF3P-h-VKw5ehHtMl4bI


Received

November 5, 2019 via web


Departments

Police Department (LAPD)

Documents

Public

(loading...)

Staff

Point of Contact

LAPD Analyst Thanh N6233

Request Published Public
January 21, 2020, 11:40am
Document(s) Released   Details Public
Smart Policing AWARD_REPORT.pdf
Smart Policing in the LAPD 2018.pdf
The Effects of Data-Driven Policing in the LAPD.pdf
Report for BJA Performance January to June 2013.pdf
Report for BJA Performance July to Dec 2012.pdf
Report for BJA Performance July to Dec 2013.pdf
OIG Report Data Driven Policing.pdf
January 21, 2020, 11:40am
Document(s) Released   Details Public
LASER_Justification 1-19-16.pdf
LASER_Justification 11-17-15.pdf
LASER_Operation LASER Extension.pdf
LASER_Program Narrative.pdf
LASER_Project_Abstract_Template.pdf
LASER_Research Independence and Integrity letterhead.pdf
LASER_Scope of Work on Letterhead.pdf
LASER_Signed SPI Abstract.pdf
LASER_Smart Policing Cumulative Budget.pdf
LASER_Third Amendment Executed Contract.pdf
LASER_USDOJ 2017 Grant Adjustments Home.pdf
LASER_USDOJ 2018 JSS Budget Mod.pdf
LASER_USDOJ 2018 Modify Budget GAN.pdf
LASER_USDOJ SPI No-Cost Extension GAN _1.pdf
LASER_USDOJ_2016 Grant Adjustments Home.pdf
LASER_Y2 Budget Narrative LAPD REV 11-17-15.pdf
LASER-USER GUIDEpowerpoint_.pdf
Oct 2014-Dec 2015 PMT.pdf
LASER_Budget Narrative Community Surveys.pdf
LASER_Budget Narrative JSS REV.pdf
LASER_Budget_and_Budget_Narrative FINAL Yr1-3.pdf
LASER_C-125809_C_AM_7-5-16.pdf
LASER_CAO 17-0143_rpt_ps_6-20-17sig.pdf
LASER_Contract with Hart Research-DRAFT.pdf
LASER_Cumulative $899,959 Budget Narrative LAPD 02-25-16.pdf
LASER_Fully Executed - FY 14 DOJ JSS subrecipient agmt_SH_als_1.pdf
LASER_FY14 Supplement Invitation Letter Operation LASER.pdf
LASER_Grant Acceptance Smart Policing_1.pdf
LASER_JJS_Sole Source Justification.pdf
January 21, 2020, 11:39am
Document(s) Released   Details Public
LASER_ Smart Policing JSS Budget Revision Jan 2016 FINAL Yr2.pdf
LASER_ Smart Policing JSS Budget Revision Jan 2016 FINAL Yr3.pdf
LASER_BJA Performance REV July to Dec 2011_3.pdf
Jan-Jun 2012 PMT.pdf
Jan-Jun 2013 PMT.pdf
Jan-Jun 2014 PMT.pdf
Jan-Jun 2015 PMT.pdf
Jan-Jun 2016 PMT.pdf
Jan-Mar 2012 PMT.pdf
Jan-Mar 2013 PMT.pdf
Jan-Mar 2014 PMT.pdf
Jan-Mar 2015 PMT.pdf
Jan-Mar 2016 PMT.pdf
JSS Indirect Letter and rate.pdf
Jul-Dec 2011 PMT.pdf
Jul-Dec 2012 PMT.pdf
Jul-Dec 2013 PMT.pdf
Jul-Dec 2014 PMT.pdf
Jul-Sep 2011 PMT.pdf
Jul-Sep 2012 PMT.pdf
Jul-Sep 2013 PMT.pdf
Jul-Sep 2014 PMT.pdf
Jul-Sep 2015 PMT.pdf
LASER_ Smart Policing JSS Budget Revision Jan 2016 FINAL Yr1.pdf
JSS- City of Los Angeles_Redacted.pdf
January 21, 2020, 11:39am
Document(s) Released   Details Public
BJA Performance Report July 2016.pdf
BJA Performance Report Oct 22 2015.pdf
BJA Performance Report_doPDF.cfm.pdf
BJA PMT 2 Jan-March 2017.pdf
BJA PMT Jan- March 2018 2.0 Performance Measures.pdf
BJA PMT July to Sept 2017 2.0 Performance Measures.pdf
BJA Qtly 1 2016.pdf
BJA Qtly 3 2016.pdf
Budget Narrative Community Surveys.pdf
Community Surveys.pdf
DOJ Article 09 04 2018 .pdf
Final Report.pdf
gmsReport (6).pdf
gmsReport Jan Mar 2018.pdf
gmsReport Jan-Mar18.pdf
gmsReport July Dec 2017.pdf
Grantee Federal Awards.pdf
1 FINAL Community Survey Report (2).pdf
1 Timeline for Operation LASER.pdf
2020plan.pdf
20160616 POLICE - SMART POLICING-INSTITUTIONALIZING OPERATION LASER.pdf
BJA April to June 2017 Performance Measures.pdf
BJA GMS Report Jul-Sep 2015.pdf
BJA GMS Report Oct-Dec 2015.pdf
BJA Oct Dec 2017 PMT 2.0 Performance Measures.pdf
BJA Perf Meaures July to Dec 2014.pdf
BJA Performance Management Jan-June 2014.pdf
BJA Performance Report Jan - June 2015.pdf
BJA Performance Report July 20 2015.pdf
January 21, 2020, 11:39am
Request Closed   Hide Public

Dear Requester:

We reviewed your request dated November 5, 2019 for records related to the implementation of Operation LASER developed by Justice and Security Strategies, Inc. (JSS).   We thank you for your patience.

Your request was made under the California Public Records Act (the Act). The Department is cognizant of its responsibilities under the Act. It recognizes the statutory scheme was enacted to maximize citizen access to the workings of government. The Act does not mandate disclosure of all documents within the government’s possession. Rather, by specific exemption and reference to other statutes, the Act recognizes that there are boundaries where the public’s right to access must be balanced against such weighty considerations as the right of privacy, a right of constitutional dimension under California Constitution, Article 1, Section 1. The law also exempts from disclosure records that are privileged or confidential or otherwise exempt under either express provisions of the Act or pursuant to applicable federal or state law, per California Government Code Sections 6254(b); 6254(c); 6254(f); 6254(k); and 6255.

The Department has made a determination on each item in your request and our responses are provided below.

 

“Any software and algorithms developed for the implementation of JSS…”
LAPD RESPONSE: Disclosing software including source code, compiled binaries, and etc…, would violate the licensing agreement with JSS as they are considered intellectual property of JSS. Therefore, your request is denied.

 

“All instructional materials, presentations and presentation materials (including recorded video and audio, PowerPoint files, prepared remarks, and slides formats), and other guidance on the use of "the software..."
LAPD RESPONSE: Besides the records provided, please be advised that the Department has previously released other records that may be responding to your inquiry. Those records can be viewed by visiting NextRequest portal and search for the following Request number: 18-3148, 19-2171, 19-3168, and 19-3587.

 

“A copy of any privacy impact assessments, use policies, standard operating procedures, data retention policies, legal opinions, warranties, non-disclosure agreements, contracts…”
LAPD RESPONSE: Besides the records provided, please be advised that the Department has previously released other records that may be responding to your inquiry. Those records can be viewed by visiting NextRequest portal and search for the following Request number: 18-3148, 19-2171, 19-3168, and 19-3587.

 

“A copy of any funding opportunity announcements, grant applications and grantor status/progress reports, reports to legislative bodies, annual reports…
LAPD RESPONSE: Besides the records provided, please be advised that the Department has previously released other records that may be responding to your inquiry. Those records can be viewed by visiting NextRequest portal and search for the following Request number: 18-3148, 19-2171, 19-3168, and 19-3587.

 

“A copy of any validation studies conducted with respect to the program or with respect to any software or algorithms used in connection with the program…”
LAPD RESPONSE: Besides the records provided, please be advised that the Department has previously released other records that may be responding to your inquiry. Those records can be viewed by visiting NextRequest portal and search for the following Request number: 18-3148, 19-2171, 19-3168, and 19-3587.



“For the aspects of the software that require an input, for example, to compute a value, we request a copy of the five most recent sets of data that were used for input…”
LAPD RESPONSE: Providing user input and the system return of this input will violate JSS's security policies. As an investigative tool, any query and the returned values would be considered confidential. Therefore, the responsive records are exempt from disclosure under Government Code section 6254, subdivisions (c), (f) and (k), Government Code section 6255, Evidence Code section 1040, and Article 1, Section 1 of the California Constitution. Therefore, your request is denied.

 

*Any and all electronic communications that mention JSS, and any attachments…
The Department has previously released records that are responding to your inquiry. Those records can be viewed by visiting NextRequest portal and search for the following Request number: 18-3148, 19-2171, 19-3168, and 19-3587.

 

Your request to the Department is now considered closed. If you have any questions, please respond to this email.

 

Respectfully,
LAPD Discovery Section, CPRA Unit

 

January 21, 2020, 11:38am
Due Date Changed Public
01/27/2020 (was 12/30/2019).
December 26, 2019, 2:02pm
Due Date Changed Public
12/30/2019 (was 11/29/2019).
December 2, 2019, 11:07am
Due Date Changed Public
11/29/2019 (was 11/15/2019). Search is conducted to identify the division that can provide the responsive documents.
November 19, 2019, 6:03pm
External Message   Hide Public

Dear Requester:

I have reviewed your California Public Records Act request for "documents related to the implementation of Justice and Security Strategies (JSS)." 

Please be advised that, pursuant to California Government Code Section 6253(c), I have found that “unusual circumstances” exist with respect to the request due to the need to search for, collect, and review the requested records from other Department entities which are separate from the office processing the request.  Therefore, my staff will require the statutory fourteen days extension of time in which to respond.  A determination concerning your request will be made as soon as possible.

If you have questions, please respond to this email. 

Respectfully,

LAPD - Discovery Section CPRA Unit

November 19, 2019, 6:01pm by LAPD Analyst Armi V9819 (Staff)
Department Assignment Public
Police Department (LAPD)
November 5, 2019, 5:07am
Request Opened Public
Request received via web
November 5, 2019, 5:07am